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ผู้เขียน หัวข้อ: Useful Dry Bulk Shipping Site  (อ่าน 231 ครั้ง)

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Useful Dry Bulk Shipping Site
« เมื่อ: พฤศจิกายน 25, 2021, 07:22:49 AM »
The General Purpose and Use of Bulk Ships that travel by sea
 
Numerous risks were encountered during the operation of seagoing bulk carriers. You must plan your trip well and take care when handling all important shipboard matters. This site is a quick reference to an international shipping community, offering guidance and details on loading and discharging of various bulk cargoes and to be within the restrictions according to the guidelines of the classification society. It is essential to make sure that the ship's structure is not stressed and every safety precaution is taken in order to ensure the safety of passage on the sea. The details pages of bulk carriers are filled with details that could be useful for both the personnel working at the terminal and those working aboard.
 
General features of bulk seaship vessels
Bulk carriers are single deck vessels constructed with top-side tanks as well as side tanks for hoppers within cargo spaces . They are designed mostly to transport single-commodity bulk cargo. Solid bulk cargo could be any substance, other than gasoline or liquid, that is comprised of a mix of granules as well as particles. These materials can be loaded directly into the vessels cargo space with no sort of containment. Grain, sugar and bulk ores are examples of dry cargo. The broadest definition of the word bulk carrier, any vessel designed to transport bulk goods (solid or liquid) in bulk are considered bulk carriers. Tankers also fall within this umbrella. However, in normal usage the term is typically used for those vessels designed to transport bulky solid cargoes, which is typically grain and agricultural products similar to it minerals such as stone, coal, ore, etc. in one or more of the voyages.   Have a look at this bulk carriers info for more.
 
 
 
What Is Bulk Carrier?
 
"A ship which is intended primarily to carry dry cargo in bulk, including such types as ore carriers and combination carriers"
 
-Carrying Capacity ranging from 3,000 tons to 300,000 tonnes
-Average speed 12 15 knots
-Single deck ships, ie no tweendecks
Small to medium-sized bulk carriers with a carrying capacity of up to 40,000 tonnes are equipped with cargo handling equipment. Larger vessels use dock-based facilities for loading and unloading.
-The cargo holds are usually large, without any obstructions. They also have large hatch sizes that allow for easy loading/unloading of cargoes
The ballast holds are a typical feature of bulk carriers. This is used for ballast voyages to increase stability. It is also possible to partially ballast, but it is only permitted for port.
They are available in one pull, or stacking (piggyback) and type hatch covers made of steel.
Ballast tanks of different types
Sloping topside wing tanks
Tanks with a sloping bottom side.
Double bottom tanks
After peak and peak peak, ballast water tank.
 
Are they bulk cargo that is solid? Anything, other than gas or liquid, that is composed of a mixture of particles, granules , or any larger pieces of material generally uniform in composition, and loaded straight into the cargo containers without any intermediary type of confinement. It is imperative to make sure that all cargoes are ready for loading, regardless of whether they are "clean" or "dirty" and there is no contamination. The cargo area needs to be cleaned in a way that allows for loading. Surveyors often have examine the area to ensure it is safe to load. To avoid contamination, it is essential that all traces of previous cargoes have been removed. The damage to bulk cargoes is mostly caused by water. Therefore, not only must the holds be dry to hold cargo, but the hatch covers must be watertight, or if necessary closed to stop the ingress of water. All fittings (ladders or pipe guards as well as bilge covers) within the hold must be inspected. All fittings in the hold (pipe guards and bilge covers.) must be checked to make sure they are in good working order and securely fixed. They can cause significant damage to conveyor belts, which can cause delays. If the equipment is accidentally discharged with cargo, the ship could be held accountable. Check out this voyage charter specialist for more.
 
 
 
Bulk Carrier, Bulker Bulk Carrier, Bulker A vessel that is able to transport dry cargo. It's not designed to be a liquid bulk tanker or carrier. Traditional bulk carriers are equipped with only a single deck that has a single skin, double-bottom hopper side and topside tanks. Bulk carriers can carry all kinds of bulk cargo, from heavy ore to light grains up to the maximum weight. It isn't easy to load, transport and discharge dry bulk cargo.
 
Gearless Bulk Carrier
Many bulk cargoes are characterized by dangers and can change their properties after passage. Improper loading could lead to the ship to break easily. If a ship isn't fully loaded can be bent by loading it excessively. This ?stress? When the weather is rough the stress can result in serious problems at sea. Last cargoes can be negatively impacted by residues of previous cargoes. Certain bulk cargoes can be affected by water damage. cement power. It's not easy to establish the exact weights or quantities of cargoes being discharged or loaded. These factors can have serious consequences for safe bulk cargo transportation. Discharging bulk cargo using? bulk cargoes are prone to having an inherent tendency to form a cone once they are loaded if conveyor belts and similar systems are not monitored and controlled. The angle created by the cone is referred to as  the 'angle of repose'. It is different from one cargo to the next. Iron ore-based cargoes create a cone with a steep angle, whereas cargoes that flow freely will create a cone with a shallow angle. A cargo that has a low angle of repose has the possibility of shifting in transit. For certain cargoes it is possible that bulldozers are required to spread the load over the sides of the holds when the cargo is close to completion. Many dry-bulk carriers are dependent on shoreside facilities for discharge and loading of cargo. However bulk carriers could be able to self-unload using conveyors in the cargo hold or on deck.

 

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